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The Methodology Of Scientific Research Programmes Volume 1


Author : Imre Lakatos
language : en
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1980-10-16


PDF Download The Methodology Of Scientific Research Programmes Volume 1 Books For free written by Imre Lakatos and has been published by Cambridge University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1980-10-16 with Philosophy categories.


Imre Lakatos' philosophical and scientific papers are published here in two volumes. Volume I brings together his very influential but scattered papers on the philosophy of the physical sciences, and includes one important unpublished essay on the effect of Newton's scientific achievement. Volume II presents his work on the philosophy of mathematics (much of it unpublished), together with some critical essays on contemporary philosophers of science and some famous polemical writings on political and educational issues. Imre Lakatos had an influence out of all proportion to the length of his philosophical career. This collection exhibits and confirms the originality, range and the essential unity of his work. It demonstrates too the force and spirit he brought to every issue with which he engaged, from his most abstract mathematical work to his passionate 'Letter to the director of the LSE'. Lakatos' ideas are now the focus of widespread and increasing interest, and these volumes should make possible for the first time their study as a whole and their proper assessment.

Die Methodologie Der Wissenschaftlichen Forschungsprogramme


Author : Imre Lakatos
language : de
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Release Date : 2013-11-21


PDF Download Die Methodologie Der Wissenschaftlichen Forschungsprogramme Books For free written by Imre Lakatos and has been published by Springer-Verlag this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2013-11-21 with Technology & Engineering categories.


Royal Society, betrachtet die Hexentheorie als das Musterbeispiel empirischen Denkens. Wir müssen das empirische Denken definieren, ehe wir mit Hume anfangen, Bücher zu verbren nen. Das wissenschaftliche Denken konfrontiert die Theorien mit den Tatsachen; und eine der Hauptbedingungen dabei ist, daß die Theorien von den Tatsachen gestützt sein müs sen. Wie ist das nun des genaueren möglich? Darauf sind mehrere verschiedene Antworten vorgeschlagen worden. Newton selbst glaubte, seine Gesetze aufgrundder Tatsachen bewiesen zu haben. Er war stolz darauf, keine bloßen Hypothesen anzubieten; er veröffentlichte nur Theorien, die aufgrundder Tatsa chen bewiesen waren. Und zwar behauptete er, seine Gesetze aus den Keplerschen 'Erschei nungen' abgeleitet zu haben. Doch das war Unsinn, denn nach Kepler bewegten sich die Plane ten in Ellipsen, nach Newton aber wäre das nur richtig, wenn die Planeten nicht gegenseitig ihre Bewegung stören würden, und eben dies tun sie. Daher mußte Newton eine Störungstheo rie entwickeln, nach der sich kein Planet auf einer Ellipse bewegt. Heute kann man leicht zeigen, daß sich kein Naturgesetz aus endlich vielen Tatsa chen schlüssig ableiten läßt; doch man liest immer noch, wissenschaftliche Theorien würden aufgrundder Tatsachen bewiesen. Woher kommt diese hartnäckige Sperre gegen die elemen tare Logik? Das läßt sich sehr einleuchtend erklären. Die Wissenschaftler möchten ihren Theorien Achtung verschaffen, sie sollen die Bezeichnung 'Wissenschaft' verdienen, also echte Erkenntnis sein. Nun bezog sich im 17. Jahrhundert, als die Wissenschaft entstand, die wichtigste Erkenntnis auf Gott und den Teufel, auf Himmel und Hölle.

Beweise Und Widerlegungen


Author : Imre Lakatos
language : de
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Release Date : 2013-03-09


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Forschungsprogramme Beitr Ge Zur Vereinheitlichung Der Soziologischen Theoriebildung


Author : Michael Schmid
language : de
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Release Date : 2017-06-01


PDF Download Forschungsprogramme Beitr Ge Zur Vereinheitlichung Der Soziologischen Theoriebildung Books For free written by Michael Schmid and has been published by Springer-Verlag this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2017-06-01 with Social Science categories.


Der Band führt in die „Methodologie der wissenschaftlichen Forschungsprogramme“ ein und diskutiert hernach das Luhmannsche Programm der „soziologischen Aufklärung“, die forschungsleitenden Vorschläge der soziologisch gewendeten Evolutionstheorie, der soziobiologisch mikrofundierenden Konflikttheorie von Stephan Sanderson, der integrativen Handlungs- und Systemtheorie von Walter Bühl, des Neofunktionalismus von Jeffrey Alexander (und seiner Schule), der mikrofundierenden Solidaritätstheorie von Randall Collins und der Ulrich Beck‘schen Theorie der Reflexiven Modernisierung. Sodann untersucht der Band die (in einer Münchener Projektgruppe entwickelte) „Theorie der alltäglichen Lebensführung“ und das handlungstheoretisch fundierte Erklärungsprogramm von Andreas Balog; hernach wendet er sich der Habitus- und Gesellschaftstheorie Pierre Bourdieus und den Grundzügen der von Peter Hedström mitbegründeten „Analytischen Soziologie“ zu und thematisiert anschließend das sogenannte „weberianischen Forschungsprogramms“, wie es im Heidelberger Umkreis von M.R. Lepsius- und W. Schluchter entstanden ist. Am Ende steht eine vergleichende Untersuchung der „ökonomischen“ und „soziologischen“ Beiträge zur Korruptionstheorie.

Mathematik Empirische Wissenschaft Und Erkenntnistheorie


Author : Imre Lakatos
language : de
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Release Date : 2013-03-09


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A Handbook For Data Analysis In The Behaviorial Sciences


Author : Gideon Keren
language : en
Publisher: Psychology Press
Release Date : 2014-01-14


PDF Download A Handbook For Data Analysis In The Behaviorial Sciences Books For free written by Gideon Keren and has been published by Psychology Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2014-01-14 with Psychology categories.


Statistical methodology is often conceived by social scientists in a technical manner; they use it for support rather than for illumination. This two-volume set attempts to provide some partial remedy to the problems that have led to this state of affairs. Both traditional issues, such as analysis of variance and the general linear model, as well as more novel methods like exploratory data analysis, are included. The editors aim to provide an updated survey on different aspects of empirical research and data analysis, facilitate the understanding of the internal logic underlying different methods, and provide novel and broader perspectives beyond what is usually covered in traditional curricula.

Philosophico Methodological Analysis Of Prediction And Its Role In Economics


Author : Wenceslao J. Gonzalez
language : en
Publisher: Springer
Release Date : 2015-02-19


PDF Download Philosophico Methodological Analysis Of Prediction And Its Role In Economics Books For free written by Wenceslao J. Gonzalez and has been published by Springer this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2015-02-19 with Philosophy categories.


This book develops a philosophico-methodological analysis of prediction and its role in economics. Prediction plays a key role in economics in various ways. It can be seen as a basic science, as an applied science and in the application of this science. First, it is used by economic theory in order to test the available knowledge. In this regard, prediction has been presented as the scientific test for economics as a science. Second, prediction provides a content regarding the possible future that can be used for prescription in applied economics. Thus, it can be used as a guide for economic policy, i.e., as knowledge concerning the future to be employed for the resolution of specific problems. Third, prediction also has a role in the application of this science in the public arena. This is through the decision-making of the agents — individuals or organizations — in quite different settings, both in the realm of microeconomics and macroeconomics. Within this context, the research is organized in five parts, which discuss relevant aspects of the role of prediction in economics: I) The problem of prediction as a test for a science; II) The general orientation in methodology of science and the problem of prediction as a scientific test; III) The methodological framework of social sciences and economics: Incidence for prediction as a test; IV) Epistemology and methodology of economic prediction: Rationality and empirical approaches and V) Methodological aspects of economic prediction: From description to prescription. Thus, the book is of interest for philosophers and economists as well as policy-makers seeking to ascertain the roots of their performance. The style used lends itself to a wide audience.