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Clinical Trial Methodology


Author : Karl E. Peace
language : en
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date : 2010-07-20


PDF Download Clinical Trial Methodology Books For free written by Karl E. Peace and has been published by CRC Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2010-07-20 with Mathematics categories.


Now viewed as its own scientific discipline, clinical trial methodology encompasses the methods required for the protection of participants in a clinical trial and the methods necessary to provide a valid inference about the objective of the trial. Drawing from the authors’ courses on the subject as well as the first author’s more than 30 years working in the pharmaceutical industry, Clinical Trial Methodology emphasizes the importance of statistical thinking in clinical research and presents the methodology as a key component of clinical research. From ethical issues and sample size considerations to adaptive design procedures and statistical analysis, the book first covers the methodology that spans every clinical trial regardless of the area of application. Crucial to the generic drug industry, bioequivalence clinical trials are then discussed. The authors describe a parallel bioequivalence clinical trial of six formulations incorporating group sequential procedures that permit sample size re-estimation. The final chapters incorporate real-world case studies of clinical trials from the authors’ own experiences. These examples include a landmark Phase III clinical trial involving the treatment of duodenal ulcers and Phase III clinical trials that contributed to the first drug approved for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Aided by the U.S. FDA, the U.S. National Institutes of Health, the pharmaceutical industry, and academia, the area of clinical trial methodology has evolved over the last six decades into a scientific discipline. This guide explores the processes essential for developing and conducting a quality clinical trial protocol and providing quality data collection, biostatistical analyses, and a clinical study report, all while maintaining the highest standards of ethics and excellence.

Adaptive Design Methods In Clinical Trials Second Edition


Author : Shein-Chung Chow
language : en
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date : 2011-12-01


PDF Download Adaptive Design Methods In Clinical Trials Second Edition Books For free written by Shein-Chung Chow and has been published by CRC Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2011-12-01 with Mathematics categories.


With new statistical and scientific issues arising in adaptive clinical trial design, including the U.S. FDA’s recent draft guidance, a new edition of one of the first books on the topic is needed. Adaptive Design Methods in Clinical Trials, Second Edition reflects recent developments and regulatory positions on the use of adaptive designs in clinical trials. It unifies the vast and continuously growing literature and research activities on regulatory requirements, scientific and practical issues, and statistical methodology. New to the Second Edition Along with revisions throughout the text, this edition significantly updates the chapters on protocol amendment and clinical trial simulation to incorporate the latest changes. It also includes five entirely new chapters on two-stage adaptive design, biomarker adaptive trials, target clinical trials, sample size and power estimation, and regulatory perspectives. Following in the tradition of its acclaimed predecessor, this second edition continues to offer an up-to-date resource for clinical scientists and researchers in academia, regulatory agencies, and the pharmaceutical industry. Written in an intuitive style at a basic mathematical and statistical level, the book maintains its practical approach with an emphasis on concepts via numerous examples and illustrations.

Bayesian Adaptive Methods For Clinical Trials


Author : Scott M. Berry
language : en
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date : 2010-07-19


PDF Download Bayesian Adaptive Methods For Clinical Trials Books For free written by Scott M. Berry and has been published by CRC Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2010-07-19 with Mathematics categories.


Already popular in the analysis of medical device trials, adaptive Bayesian designs are increasingly being used in drug development for a wide variety of diseases and conditions, from Alzheimer’s disease and multiple sclerosis to obesity, diabetes, hepatitis C, and HIV. Written by leading pioneers of Bayesian clinical trial designs, Bayesian Adaptive Methods for Clinical Trials explores the growing role of Bayesian thinking in the rapidly changing world of clinical trial analysis. The book first summarizes the current state of clinical trial design and analysis and introduces the main ideas and potential benefits of a Bayesian alternative. It then gives an overview of basic Bayesian methodological and computational tools needed for Bayesian clinical trials. With a focus on Bayesian designs that achieve good power and Type I error, the next chapters present Bayesian tools useful in early (Phase I) and middle (Phase II) clinical trials as well as two recent Bayesian adaptive Phase II studies: the BATTLE and ISPY-2 trials. In the following chapter on late (Phase III) studies, the authors emphasize modern adaptive methods and seamless Phase II–III trials for maximizing information usage and minimizing trial duration. They also describe a case study of a recently approved medical device to treat atrial fibrillation. The concluding chapter covers key special topics, such as the proper use of historical data, equivalence studies, and subgroup analysis. For readers involved in clinical trials research, this book significantly updates and expands their statistical toolkits. The authors provide many detailed examples drawing on real data sets. The R and WinBUGS codes used throughout are available on supporting websites. Scott Berry talks about the book on the CRC Press YouTube Channel.

Statistical Methods For Survival Trial Design


Author : Jianrong Wu
language : en
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-06-14


PDF Download Statistical Methods For Survival Trial Design Books For free written by Jianrong Wu and has been published by CRC Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2018-06-14 with Mathematics categories.


Statistical Methods for Survival Trial Design: With Applications to Cancer Clinical Trials Using R provides a thorough presentation of the principles of designing and monitoring cancer clinical trials in which time-to-event is the primary endpoint. Traditional cancer trial designs with time-to-event endpoints are often limited to the exponential model or proportional hazards model. In practice, however, those model assumptions may not be satisfied for long-term survival trials. This book is the first to cover comprehensively the many newly developed methodologies for survival trial design, including trial design under the Weibull survival models; extensions of the sample size calculations under the proportional hazard models; and trial design under mixture cure models, complex survival models, Cox regression models, and competing-risk models. A general sequential procedure based on the sequential conditional probability ratio test is also implemented for survival trial monitoring. All methodologies are presented with sufficient detail for interested researchers or graduate students.

Statistical Design And Analysis Of Stability Studies


Author : Shein-Chung Chow
language : en
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date : 2007-05-30


PDF Download Statistical Design And Analysis Of Stability Studies Books For free written by Shein-Chung Chow and has been published by CRC Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2007-05-30 with Mathematics categories.


The US Food and Drug Administration's Report to the Nation in 2004 and 2005 indicated that one of the top reasons for drug recall was that stability data did not support existing expiration dates. Pharmaceutical companies conduct stability studies to characterize the degradation of drug products and to estimate drug shelf life. Illustrating how stability studies play an important role in drug safety and quality assurance, Statistical Design and Analysis of Stability Studies presents the principles and methodologies in the design and analysis of stability studies. After introducing the basic concepts of stability testing, the book focuses on short-term stability studies and reviews several methods for estimating drug expiration dating periods. It then compares some commonly employed study designs and discusses both fixed and random batch statistical analyses. Following a chapter on the statistical methods for stability analysis under a linear mixed effects model, the book examines stability analyses with discrete responses, multiple components, and frozen drug products. In addition, the author provides statistical methods for dissolution testing and explores current issues and recent developments in stability studies. To ensure the safety of consumers, professionals in the field must carry out stability studies to determine the reliability of drug products during their expiration period. This book provides the material necessary for you to perform stability designs and analyses in pharmaceutical research and development.

Advances In Clinical Trial Biostatistics


Author : Nancy L. Geller
language : en
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date : 2003-10-21


PDF Download Advances In Clinical Trial Biostatistics Books For free written by Nancy L. Geller and has been published by CRC Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2003-10-21 with Mathematics categories.


From aspects of early trials to complex modeling problems, Advances in Clinical Trial Biostatistics summarizes current methodologies used in the design and analysis of clinical trials. Its chapters, contributed by internationally renowned methodologists experienced in clinical trials, address topics that include Bayesian methods for phase I clinical trials, adaptive two-stage clinical trials, and the design and analysis of cluster randomization trials, trials with multiple endpoints, and therapeutic equivalence trials. Other discussions explore Bayesian reporting, methods incorporating compliance in treatment evaluation, and statistical issues emerging from clinical trials in HIV infection.

Design And Analysis Of Bridging Studies


Author : Jen-pei Liu
language : en
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-07-26


PDF Download Design And Analysis Of Bridging Studies Books For free written by Jen-pei Liu and has been published by CRC Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2012-07-26 with Mathematics categories.


As the development of medicines has become more globalized, the geographic variations in the efficacy and safety of pharmaceutical products need to be addressed. To accelerate the product development process and shorten approval time, researchers are beginning to design multiregional trials that incorporate subjects from many countries around the world under the same protocol. Design and Analysis of Bridging Studies addresses the issues arising from bridging studies and multiregional clinical trials. For bridging studies, the book explores ethnic sensitivity, the necessity of bridging studies, types of bridging studies, and the assessment of similarity between regions based on bridging evidence. For multiregional clinical trials, the text considers regional differences, assesses the consistency of treatment effect across regions, and discusses sample size determination for each region. Taking into account the International Conference Harmonisation (ICH) E5 framework for bridging studies, the book provides a unified summary of the growing literature and research activities in this area. It covers the regulatory requirements, scientific and practical issues, and statistical methodology for designing and evaluating bridging studies and multiregional clinical trials, with the goal of inspiring new research activities in the field.